Ataxia is a disorder of the nervous system that results in poor muscle coordination. Today we will give you some important information about this disease.
Organized by the National Ataxia Foundation, National Ataxia Foundation celebrates Ataxia Awareness Day around the world every year on September 25, and its founder, John W.Schut, himself They were suffering from the disease.
As a specialist physician and researcher, he conducted significant research on ataxia and founded the National Ataxia Foundation in 195 for the care and rehabilitation of patients. According to a report released by the National Ataxia Foundation, about 1.5 million people in the United States alone suffer from ataxia.
At what age does ataxia affect people?
Ataxia is derived from the Greek word “atalis” which means instability. People with this disease are unable to maintain the balance of their body. Since this disease usually affects the entire cerebral cortex, As people walk, their movements become unbalanced and awkward.
The disease is not fatal, but life-threatening and most patients die of another illness during this time. The disease can affect any person at any age.
The three major types of ataxia:
There are three major types of ataxia. Inherited Ataxia, Acquired Ataxia and Idiopathic Ataxia. Hereditary ataxia is caused by a mutation in a specific gene that children inherit from their parents.
These changes damage or cause damage to nerve tissue. There are two causes of congenital ataxia. One cause is called “dominant”, it requires only one copy of the gene to change the nervous state. This gene is inherited from parents.
The second reason is “recessive” which requires two copies of the gene, one for the husband and one for the wife. Disruptive ataxia is caused by external factors that cause nerve damage, such as a head injury, etc., while the final cause of the third type of ataxia has not yet been determined.
Causes of Ataxia:
Head Trauma: Injury to the brain or spinal cord causes “PERBEAR ATAXIA”.
Paralysis: If blood flow to the brain is reduced for any reason, the brain cells begin to die, which can lead to a stroke. In many cases, this paralysis also causes ataxia.
Cerebral palsy in children: Cerebral palsy in children, called “cerebral palsy” in medical terms, can cause ataxia. If brain cells are affected for any reason during early development, the child’s body balance is disturbed.
Symptoms of this disease include muscle spasms, difficulty moving and burning, and incoherent movement of arms and legs. These symptoms can appear in infancy or at school age.
Autoimmune diseases: In autoimmune diseases, the body begins to use its immune system against itself. Autoimmune diseases include multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis and cerebral ataxia.
Infections: In some cases some infectious diseases such as smallpox, viral infections, lymph nodes and HIV can also cause ataxia.
Abnormalities in the brain: Causes of ataxia include brain abscess, improper brain development or cancer.
Vitamin deficiency: When the body is deficient in vitamins, especially vitamin E and vitamin B12 and thiazine, the chances of developing ataxia increase.
Disorders of the thyroid gland: If for some reason the balance of the functions of the thyroid gland is disturbed, then hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism occur and both of these disorders can lead to ataxia.
Toxic reaction: The use of certain drugs causes a reaction, which can lead to ataxia. In addition, alcohol, drugs and metals can cause ataxia.
Mental Thoughts: Negative thoughts can also affect the brain. They can cause not only paralysis, but also ataxia, so stay away from mental anxieties as much as possible.
Covid-19: According to some studies on corona virus, covid-19 can also cause ataxia, so precautions must be taken to prevent this virus.
Symptoms of ataxia:
Symptoms of ataxia appear suddenly and then gradually increase.
The patient with this disease usually walks with small and fast steps, sometimes he raises his foot with his own intention but he is not able to put it on the ground and falls down automatically.
In some cases, it is difficult to speak.
Most patients also have a lack of muscle control during movement.
Because it is a disorder of the nervous system, its severe symptoms are similar to those of a drug addict, such as paused speech, sudden stumbling, falling, and loss of coordination. Lack of etc.
These symptoms are caused by damage to a part of the brain that actually affects the part of the brain that connects the transport.
People with ataxia are usually unable to move their fingers, hands, or feet, and have difficulty walking or speaking.
You don’t even feel the needle piercing or feeling cold or hot.
If the disease becomes severe, it can be difficult to breathe with severe vomiting, and there are a number of complications, including severe anemia, stiffness in the limbs, high blood pressure from getting up, sitting or walking, Intestinal and bladder problems and severe tremors in the arms and legs are included.
How to diagnose ataxia?
Several tests are used to diagnose ataxia. Such as imaging, blood, lumbar puncture and genetic tests. After diagnosis, the disease is treated according to the stage and causes.
Eat a balanced, healthy diet to prevent ataxia, avoid a lack of vitamins, especially vitamins E and B12, make exercise a regular part of your routine, avoid mental confusion and anxiety, and control your blood pressure.
Avoid constant sitting or standing, avoid the use of alcohol and drugs, if you have a disability, get physiotherapy with the advice of a doctor.
In short, keep a balance in your life and do everything well.