Astronomers are investigating the sun to find out what it will look like in the future. Recently, very close-up images of the sun have been obtained. These are the closest images ever taken to the surface of the sun. These images were taken from a distance of only 77 million kilometers from the European Space Agency’s solar orbiter, as was sent into space earlier this year.
The latest information provided by this arbiter called Solar also includes images of the sun’s rays which are called campfire. These rays are millions of times smaller than the sun, but they can be easily seen from Earth through a telescope. Experts believe that these small rays may be responsible for the warm atmosphere around the sun, which It is much hotter than its surface.
Daniel Miller, a scientist with the project, says that the surface of the sun is not so hot and the temperature outside it is up to five and a half thousand degrees. American physicist Eugene Parker’s view is that if around the sun Large numbers of tiny rays keep the corona virus extremely hot. Royal Observatory expert David Burr Jimenez heads the team working on the Xtreme ultraviolet imager.
The Extreme Ultraviolet Imager is a collection of special telescopes that take pictures of the corona’s structure around the Sun. According to David Burgmans, whatever the role of these rays, but their size is very small, this is why That they have been hidden from the eyes of scientists for so long. The smallest of these rays are about two pixels.
One pixel has a range of up to four hundred kilometers. This is called special resolution. They may be smaller in size. The satellite, launched by the European Space Agency in February this year, was launched by a rocket from the US Cape Canaveral station. The job of this satellite is to find out things about the unique behavior of the sun.
The sun’s rays and the star’s behavior are not limited to transmitting heat and light to the earth. These rays from the sun disrupt the radio communication system and the magnetic orbit of the star shuts down the electrical devices in the satellite. Research conducted with the help of solo arbitrators will help scientists better understand this disorder.
Caroline Harper, head of the British Space Agency, said: “The corona virus has given us an idea of how important it is to stay in touch with each other and to have a satellite communication system.” The reason is that it is important for us to better understand the behavior of the sun, so that we can predict its weather.
This solar orbiter has made several orbits around the sun and it will gradually get closer and closer to it, until there is only a distance of less than 43 million kilometers between it and the sun. The Earth is about 150 million kilometers from the Sun. At the same time, the orbiter will enter the orbit of the Sun’s closest planet, Mercury. Currently the image obtained is the planet Venus (Venus). The six sensing instruments used in this study enhance the properties.
In this regard, Science and Exploration Consultant Mark McCurry says that this solar orbiter is not only going to take pictures of the sun, but it will also go to the part of the solar wind where it will not be too tight to the atmosphere. It will conduct close research on orbits and cells, as well as send back information about the Sun’s surface quickly, so that the two pieces of information can be combined to better understand it. And no other mission or telescope can do that.
According to experts, as the mission progresses, with the help of the planet Venus, the orbiter will pull itself out of the planetary region, so that it can reach a place from where the polar parts of the sun can be better seen. Sami Solangi of the Planck Institute has dubbed these parts “terra incognitas”, meaning areas that are unknown. Will be able to get information about.
We know that the behavior of the sun depends on its magnetic orbit, but we do not know how this magnetic orbit is created. Our guess is that it is a dynamo doing this from inside the sun. Just like there is a dynamo inside the earth. But we don’t know how it works, but we are convinced that the role of polls is very important. Holly Gilbert, a scientist working on the Solar Orbiter project there, says the information we get from the first images suggests that we may be getting closer to the sun. How much information can we get?