The growing threat of antibiotic-resistant germs has once again become the focus of attention from scientists around the world. This has happened on the basis of medical evidence from a few years ago. Scientists have discovered bacteria resistant to drugs used as a last resort after failing to treat all types of humans and animals. After this discovery, scientists warned that the world is entering the post-antibiotic era.
The discovery was made in a report published in the scientific journal Lancet in November 2015. According to the report, bacteria have been found in China that have no effect on cholesterol (an antibiotic). It should be noted that this is an antibiotic that is used after all the drugs are ineffective. Scientists say that this bacterial resistance can spread all over the world, which makes the infection incurable. The risk will increase.
In these circumstances, medical experts fear that modern medicine may reach the age of ignorance due to bacterial resistance to drugs. They say that if the resistance to drugs against germs would increase in the same way. However, once again, the common infection will become as deadly as the ancients. If this happens, the modern-day surgery and treatment of cancer, which rely on antibiotics, will pose serious risks.
Chinese scientists have dubbed this new mutation in bacteria “MCR-1”, which prevents “cholesterol” from killing bacteria. Found in 1% cattle, 15% raw meat samples and 16 sick humans.
Scientists have also found evidence that it has spread to many countries. According to Timothy Walsh, a professor at the University of Cardiff, the post-antibiotics world is a reality. If MCR-1 spreads globally and integrates with other antibiotic genes, which is inevitable, He further added that if a person became ill due to E. coli (a bacterium), doctors would not be able to do anything about it. It has been shown to do so, but it is now easily spread to other types of bacteria.
Professor Jeremy Ferrer, head of the Wellcome Trust, the largest medical research charity in the UK, said in January 2014 that this was indeed a global problem. The golden age of antibiotics could end if the necessary steps are not taken. His statement echoed the statement made by Dame Sally Davis, the UK’s chief medical officer, who said in 2013 that growing resistance to antibiotics He called for the threat to be equated with terrorism.
The issue is so serious that the G8 science ministers discussed the issue of drug-resistant infections at a meeting in London in June 2013. In addition, a 1998 report from the UK Upper House stated that The dangers posed by bacterial resistance to antibiotics are taking humanity back to pre-antibiotic times. It is done through antibiotics.
Most people in the world today are born in the age of antibiotics, so we must understand that antibiotics are the only permanent solution to the problem of disease-causing germs. The first antibiotic was discovered in 1928, but its widespread use began in the 1950s. In other words, antibiotics have been in use for less than a century, but diseases are even older than mankind. And growing, as the Corona virus spreads around the world today.
According to medical experts, the dangers posed by resistance to antibiotics are taking humans to the pre-antibiotic era. Resistance to tuberculosis drugs is steadily increasing around the world. According to British doctors, the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) drug resistance has risen sharply and now it only takes a few months to cure the disease. According to experts, this news is not so bad, but some problems Are much worse than Ten years ago, for example, news came from South Africa that there had been a sharp rise in drug resistance.
According to medical experts, public medical hazards do not increase overnight, but warning signs appear for a long time. According to Professor Ferrer, we can make better use of antibiotics. To do that, we must invest.
On the one hand, the world is urging the use of antibiotics in a very careful manner in view of the growing resistance to germs and on the other hand, we are the ones who do not hesitate to use them unnecessarily. These include the government, doctors, pharmaceutical companies, pharmacists, medical store owners and patients.
According to a study, antibiotic-resistant germs kill about seven million people worldwide. But by 2040 this number will increase to 300 million and the cost will exceed one trillion dollars. However, there is research that can be done to gauge the seriousness of the problem.
It has often been observed that people start taking antibiotics as soon as they have a mild cold, fever or cough, and as soon as they recover, they stop using the drug. According to him, a few years ago, a research report was published in the British medical journal “Lancet” in which it was stated that in India and Pakistan, such breeds of germs are growing on which except two. All other antibiotics are ineffective. Experts say there is an urgent need to raise awareness.
According to researchers, fever usually goes away on its own. It does not require testing or the use of antibiotics. But if antibiotics are used unnecessarily, germs can develop that will not be affected by antibiotics later. That is why a few years ago, germs that could have been easily treated with germs, have now become completely ineffective with antibiotics or require second-line drugs that are very expensive. This problem cannot be overcome unless a clear policy is formulated for it. This problem is not limited to human beings, but animals and poultry are also being given antibiotics indiscriminately. Due to which their immunity is also increasing. So it also needs to be overcome.