Health & Fitness

Supraventricular Tachycardia – What Is It and How Is It Treated?

So, what exactly is suptraventricular tachycardia?  It occurs when the heart beats more than 100 beats per minute.  This is a condition that is usually caused by electrical pulses.  It does not have anything to do with other types of tachycardia, such as ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation.  The abbreviation for this disease is SVT.

Causes

The causes of SVT are many and different. It usually occurs in patients suffering from cardiovascular conditions and ones affecting the lungs such as atherosclerosis, blood clots and pneumonia. It is a symptom of heart failure and thyroid disease. Other factors which can cause it include smoking, stress, and high caffeine intake, excessive consumption of alcohol and drug abuse. There are also some instances where people suffer from supraventricular tachycardia without a known cause.  It is most common in children and infants, and pregnant women. Supraventricular Tachycardia - What Is It and How Is It Treated?

Symptoms

There are a variety of different symptoms of supraventricular tachycardia.  Some people may experience different symptoms than others. Some may not experience any symptoms of all especially if SVT lasts for a fairly short period of time. Generally, the most common symptoms include difficulty breathing, heart palpitations, paint and tightness in the chest and anxiety. Some people may feel dizzy and faint.

It can sometimes be difficult to notice these symptoms, especially in children and infants.  Infants will generally have issues when it comes to feeding, they may be irritable, and they may have a higher pulse rate.  If these symptoms are noticed then it is important to have them seen by their pediatrician as soon as possible.

Treatment

There are a variety of ways to treat SVT.   Doctors will determine the best way to treat the condition on a case by case basis.  Getting treated for SVT can help people to lower their heart rates.  Generally, the doctors will try to lower the frequency of the episodes.  They will also look to determine the specific cause and target it.

SVT and PregnancySupraventricular Tachycardia - What Is It and How Is It Treated?

Women often experience supraventricular tachycardia during their pregnancy.  SVT during pregnancy is diagnosed when the heart beat is more than 120 beats a minute.  It will usually start and end rather quickly, and some women may not even notice it.  It is important to ensure that your OB/GYN is aware if you have concerns.  They can run tests to see if it is serious enough to need treatment or not.

If you feel any symptoms of supraventricular tachycardia, you should call your doctor immediately. In case the symptoms are similar to those of a heart attack, you have to call the emergency services right away.

 

 

 

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