Breast cancer is the most common disease in women everywhere, whether in developed or developing countries, while in low- and middle-income countries, the growing number of women suffering from the disease is worrying. Most women with breast cancer in these countries are diagnosed late due to a lack of awareness about early detection and disruptions to health services. Every woman has a 12% increased risk of breast cancer over the average age.
October Awareness Month
The month of October is celebrated around the world every year as “Breast Cancer Awareness Month” for the prevention of breast cancer. The Pink Ribbon Campaign was first launched in the 90’s to raise public awareness about breast cancer. As part of the campaign, women competing in the New York Marathon wore pink ribbons. A New York-based charity was then set up to raise funds for scientific research on breast cancer and public awareness of the disease. Each year, the organization runs a Pink Ribbon Motif campaign with like-minded people and international organizations to raise awareness about the disease.
The muscles of the body are made up of small cells and if these cells start to grow uncontrollably and form a pile, then this disease becomes cancer, which is called gland (breast lymph). It can grow into a lump or tumor in size and its roots can spread to the breast, causing discomfort and changes in the structure of the breast. A wound inside the breast, outside, or below, can sometimes grow into cancer. These symptoms may vary depending on the patient and the nature of the disease.
A lump in the breast is called a polycystic or fibrocystic. It can affect up to 25% of women at some point in their lives, but the good news is that many of these tumors do not cause cancer and are mostly harmless.
However, the presence of these tumors increases the risk of breast cancer. Breast cancer mainly affects women but men also have the risk of this cancer, which is very rare. This cancer does not infect and cannot be passed on to others.
Situation around the world
Breast cancer accounts for 16% of the world’s female population. Breast cancer affects about 2 million women worldwide each year, and about 15% of them die from the disease. Medical experts say that one out of every nine women worldwide is at risk of breast cancer.
Every year, 90,000 women in the country are diagnosed with breast cancer, while 40,000 die from this deadly disease. The disease is less common in women who breastfeed their babies until they are 2 years old. The spread of breast cancer can be reduced if appropriate public health programs are put in place.
Causes of cancer
There are some basic things that can cause breast cancer. Hormonal imbalances in women can be one of the leading causes of breast cancer. Excess of estrogen hormone in the body is dangerous. Delayed marriage of girls or the birth of a child at an older age also causes breast cancer, but mothers who breastfeed their babies have a 4% reduction in the rate of breast cancer.
About 10% of breast cancers are caused by genetic defects, and women with these defects have an 80% chance of developing the disease. In addition, women’s unhealthy lifestyles and unbalanced diets can lead to breast cancer.
Ways of prevention
Early detection of the disease is the only way to prevent and treat it, but it is only possible if you know the basics of the disease. Therefore, it is very important for women to know about the process of self-diagnosis. They should first check themselves at home and see a doctor immediately if they notice any abnormalities or changes. If breast cancer is detected early and appropriate diagnosis and treatment is available, there is a strong possibility that the disease will be cured.
In case of late detection, treatment is often not an option, in such cases the patient is given medicine to reduce the severity of the discomfort. It should be kept in mind that screening tests for breast cancer are started at the age of 40, however, the disease can be prevented with annual mammography and timely diagnosis of the disease. The more the society is aware of this insidious disease, the more it is possible to reduce the death rate and the rate of the disease.