Some parents often find that their child, whether at home or at school, is unable to focus on anything. In fact, one of the reasons for this may be Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder. ADHD is a common mental disorder that begins in childhood and can continue into adolescence. Children with this disease are more active and inattentive than other children their age, they have a reflex condition.
That is why such children face many difficulties, especially at school, while they also face many problems at home and in society. The disease can affect 3 to 5% of school-age children. The child with ADHD himself wants to be a good student like other students but not being able to focus and sudden change of nature creates problems for him.
The World Health Organization estimates that at least 10 million people worldwide suffer from dementia. Children with ADHD may be hyperactive and may not be able to control their effects or may have difficulty concentrating. The disease is more common in girls than in boys. ADHD usually occurs in the early years of school because a child with the disease has difficulty concentrating on education during this period.
Almost every medical, psychiatric and educational organization in the United States has concluded that attention deficit or hyperactivity disorder is a real mental disorder. According to a study, psychiatric treatment is more effective than medicine to get rid of this disease.
Adults with the disease may have difficulty organizing, working on time, setting goals, and finding employment. If you are always late for work or if you keep saying good or bad things in case of any problem, do not stay in one place or have difficulty in handling any work on time then you may also have ADHD I have a disease.
Having ADHD can be caused by one or a combination of hereditary, environmental or genetic factors. About 25% of parents also have symptoms of the disease. However, some risk factors such as the spread of toxic effects in the mother’s womb or the side effects of drugs used during premature birth or motherhood can also cause it.
Symptoms commonly seen in children with attention deficit or hyperactivity disorder are: difficulty concentrating; Being very active; Difficulty understanding the details and the whole thing and making a mistake that could be the result of carelessness; Easily inattentive; Often forget homework; Difficulty doing school and homework; Adults have difficulty saying and believing many things at once; To be careless, to show impatience, to be restless, to say the same thing over and over again; Too much running and climbing walls; Always looking to do something; Speak without thinking; Talking too much and having trouble sitting quietly Interrupting and harassing others.
These symptoms usually appear before the age of seven, which can vary between girls and boys. The severity or reduction of the disease can continue into adulthood, but if care is taken from childhood to prevent it, children will be able to lead a good life.
Treatment and prevention
Children with ADHD need individualized treatment programs that focus on reducing the symptoms and improving function. It provides them with medication, psychotherapy, ways to change behaviors and attitudes, and exercises and instructions for dealing with other aspects of life. Psychiatrists can diagnose the disease according to the child’s psychology and behavior analysis. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and counseling can be adopted in addition to psychotherapy. In addition, mental health or fitness medications may be prescribed.
Brain stimulants can be useful as a treatment. These medications help children focus, learn and stay calm. According to a study, medicines do not do everything, they can only reduce the symptoms. However, short-term psychotherapy or psychotherapy is needed to teach people how to control their habits.
Behavioral or behavioral therapy helps children control their behavior and they can better adapt to school and home. Children with ADHD need social skills training, problem solving skills and practice. In addition, changes in teaching strategies and homework practices can help children with the disease to learn more effectively in school.