Asthma is a chronic disease that grips a person for a long time. More than 330 million people worldwide suffer from the disease, which kills about 2.5 million people every year.
What is asthma?
Asthma is a condition in which there is difficulty in breathing due to obstruction of the airways or narrowing of the lungs. There are many symptoms of asthma, such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, chest pain, sleep disturbances and fatigue. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a disease caused by indoor and outdoor allergies, dust, climate change and respiratory tract infections.
Asthma is diagnosed by physical examination and medical tests. Asthma can be confirmed by medical tests such as blood tests, X-rays, blood oxygen levels, lung movements, spirometry and allergy tests.
There is no prescriptive drug that will stop the flow of emotions, though their effects can be curtailed. Asthma can be prevented in two ways. One is prevention and the other is treatment. The trick is for the patient to change their daily routine. If he is addicted to any kind of drug, he should give it up immediately, avoid the use of cigarettes, alcohol, tobacco and narcotics, while protecting himself from dust and air pollution. In addition, if there is damage due to climate change, it should also take precautionary measures.
The most effective treatment for asthma is the use of inhalers, which contain a variety of medications to control the disease. These medications can prevent asthma from progressing further and reduce the patient’s discomfort. A common misconception is that regular use of inhalers is harmful to the body, they are addictive and make the body addicted. The fact is that inhalers are very useful for asthma patients, they make the body accustomed to it, but this habit is as beneficial as eating daily food and so on. People who stop using inhalers quickly reach the final stage of the disease, which can be fatal.
Asthma in children
It can be a sign of asthma in young children if they feel uncomfortable while breastfeeding and it is a sign of asthma, so they need to see a doctor immediately.
According to research from the University of Kansas, getting vitamin D during the second trimester of pregnancy can significantly reduce the risk of asthma in a baby. If pregnant women spend 10 minutes a day in the sun, it reduces the risk of the baby getting respiratory diseases.
Asthma UK, a charity working for asthma patients in the UK, says steroid medications play an important role in controlling asthma symptoms in young children.
On the other hand, researchers say that children should be given caution with steroids and should try their best not to be given these drugs.
According to a study conducted in Europe, asthma patients under the age of two are at risk of short stature if given steroid medications for treatment. A study of 12,000 children in Finland found that children who were given steroids for a long period of time were more likely to be short.
An earlier study had found that steroid medications had a negative effect on children’s development. Research has shown that if these drugs are used on a regular basis, children can grow up to three centimeters shorter when they grow up.
“It’s very important for doctors to think carefully before giving steroids to young children for asthma,” the researchers said.
According to researchers, breast milk is the best medicine to protect infants from asthma. According to a 2016 study in Switzerland, breastfeeding infants for up to a year can protect them from asthma attacks.